Fixed vs Growth Mindset

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In Mindset, Dr. Carol Dweck tells us:

“For twenty years, my research has shown that the view you adopt for yourself profoundly affects the way you lead your life. It can determine whether you become the person you want to be and whether you accomplish the things you value. How does this happen? How can a simple belief have the power to transform your psychology and, as a result, your life? Believing that your qualities are carved in stone—the fixed mindset—creates an urgency to prove yourself over and over. If you have only a certain amount of intelligence, a certain personality, and a certain moral character—well, then you’d better prove that you have a healthy dose of them. It simply wouldn’t do to look or feel deficient in these most basic characteristics. In the growth mindset, the hand you’re dealt is just the starting point for development. The growth mindset is based on the belief that your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts. Although people may differ in every which way—in their initial talents and aptitudes, interests, or temperaments—everyone can change and grow through application and experience.”

Fixed MindsetGrowth Mindset
Avoid challengesEmbrace challenges
Give up easilyPersist in the face of obstacles
Effort is fruitlessEffort is the path to mastery
Ignore useful negative feedbackLearn from criticism
Threatened by others successThreatened by other’s success
May achieve less than full potentialReach ever-higher levels of achievement

The power of yet. Every time my daughter says they can’t do something I rephrase it to you can’t do it yet. I have said it so many times that now she does it herself sometimes.

Dwek tells us two important components of a growth mindset that are often overlooked are pursuing different strategies and getting help.

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